I am an Arch Linux user by day, but recently I needed constant access to Windows 10 OS to develop KDE Connect - an awesome project by some smart-working developers from across the globe, for Windows.
While working with the team, I also had to install Ubuntu to test a new release for the Ubuntu users.
All this boils down to a system that already contains Arch Linux, to house Windows 10 and Ubuntu along, on a 500GB hard disk.
I have also mentioned a rookie mistake in this blog post, so do take it with a pinch of salt.
CHALLENGE 1: One storage device, many partitions
The thing is, there are many partitions required to have such a system, and legacy partitioning systems allow for just 4 at max. Enter UEFI, that allows any number of partitions on a single storage device.
STATUS: Arch Linux `OK` ; Ubuntu `TO_BE_INSTALLED` ; Windows `TO_BE_INSTALLED`
CHALLENGE 2: Getting Windows 10 media to boot in UEFI mode
For this, I used Rufus to create my installation media, and supplied the latest Windows ISO recieved from the Media Creation Tool provided by Microsoft.
Luckily, Windows installed itself nicely along with Arch Linux, and I was able to dual boot just fine after the installation, with GRUB2 from Arch Linux.
STATUS: Arch Linux `OK` ; Ubuntu `TO_BE_INSTALLED` ; Windows `OK`
TRIPLE BOOT TIME!
I simply installed it on a separate
ext4partition at the end of my HDD (using that
I’m not sure what happened here, but it might have did something to my prior GRUB config managed by Arch Linux.
On next boot, the GRUB settings of Arch Linux showed up, which had options for Windows and Arch Linux.(no Ubuntu OS here)
CHALLENGE 3: Get Ubuntu OS to boot
Then I went ahead and booted into Arch to run a
grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg, because it didn’t know about Ubuntu OS.
After I rebooted the system, Ubuntu’s GRUB config greeted me, that did not have Arch Linux as a boot option.
I lost access to Arch Linux now. I was not happy, to say the least.
STATUS: Arch Linux `NOT_BOOTING` ; Ubuntu `OK` ; Windows `OK`
CHALLENGE 4: Get Arch Linux to boot
Next, I tried running the same
grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfgin Ubuntu OS.
I got options for Arch Linux then, but they didn’t work for me (poor Arch support in Ubuntu 18.04?).
Then I fired off an Arch Linux Live USB and decided to try to get GRUB reinstalled from my Arch Linux installation.
- re-formatted the
arch-chrooted into my Arch installation and force-reinstalled all my arch linux packages by my previous post.(to get linux firmware images in
I could’ve done it by reinstalling just the firmware too, as
grub-mkconfigcommands from my GitHub gist - ARCH COMMANDS
genfstabcommand from that GitHub gist.
<iovec>for helping me out on this one!)
I have access to my Arch Linux and Ubuntu now.
STATUS: Arch Linux `OK` ; Ubuntu `OK` ; Windows `NOT_BOOTING`
took a couple of commands:
bootrec /rebuildBCDfrom a Windows OS Installation Media. They installed the new EFI files in the EFI partition, and I finally had access to all three systems! \o/
STATUS: Arch Linux `OK` ; Ubuntu `OK` ; Windows `OK`
I obviously should not have removed the EFI partition, since that step increased the work needed to set up other OSes. If you happen to find any other weak links or better procedure, please do share it with me over the mail or twitter!
Stay safe and make the internet a healthier place!